Week Seven - Day Seven

Today's Luther Fact: 

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February 18, 1546 – Luther died in the town of his birth.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day Six

Today's Luther Fact: 

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 1543 – Luther publishes On the Jews and Their Lies. Here he revisits many horrible lies about the Jewish people, accusing them of poisoning wells and perpetuating the blood libel. Oddly, though, he also avoids the accusations of deicide so familiar in medieval Christianity.  Luther is known, among other things, for his short temper, scathing attacks, and behavior that is deeply at odds with the pastor and professor who wrote so lovingly about grace and faith. Many theories have been put forward, including attempts at psychiatric diagnoses. One theory is that his constant problems with his digestive system were also poisoning him.  1545 – Luther authors Against the Roman Papacy, an Institution of the Devil. He calls the Pope the Antichrist (a term still used among fundamentalist Lutherans).  As harsh as this tract is, Luther thought that Lucas Cranach went too far in some of the illustrations attached to the text.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day Five

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1542 – Luther writes out his will. He leaves all of his possessions to his wife rather than his oldest son. This is a stark difference from the custom of the day. He then spends several paragraphs defending the decision and asks John Frederick to uphold his quest.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day Four

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1539 – Philip of Hesse, a member of the group of Lutheran leaders called the Smalcaldic League, was married but fell in love with another woman. The second woman’s mother refused to let Philip take her as a mistress. Philip threatened to leave the Smalcaldic League and return to the Holy Roman Empire and the Roman church if Luther refused to permit divorce or polygamy. At first, Luther resisted, but he relented eventually. Luther decided bigamy was better than divorce – but urged Philip to cover up the second marriage. Philip married – again – and sent Luther a barrel of wine as a thank you gift (as you do). Luther tasked Melanchthon with writing up the recommendation. Melanchthon was so disgusted by the entire chain of events that he actually got sick. Luther got angry with Melanchthon, offering a prayer and leaving with the words, “You will not die.”

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day Three

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1536 – Elector John Frederick banishes the Jews from Saxony. Some hoped that Luther would protect them; after all, his 1523 tract That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew had been relatively moderate by the standards of the day. Luther took no action. In 1543, he commended the action and urged all Christian leaders to follow John Frederick’s example.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day Two

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1531 – Zwingli dies. Luther feared that Zwingli was outside the Church and thus not saved.  1531 – Diet of Augsburg and the Augsburg Confession. Luther did not write the Augsburg Confession.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Seven - Day One

Today's Luther Fact: 

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 1529 – Luther publishes both the Small and Large Catechisms. The SC is designed for home use among the laity. The LC is designed as a resource for clergy and teachers.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Seven

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1529 – Marburg Colloquy; Zwingli says some stupid stuff. Luther disagrees. One legend states that, debating with Zwingli over a table, writes out Hoc est enim corpus meum either using foam from his beer or carving it with a knife.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Six

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1528 – The Diet of Speyer decrees that all Anabaptists should be killed. Zwingli and Melanchthon agree. Luther does not, but he still doesn’t like Anabaptistss.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Five

Today's Luther Fact: 

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June, 1526 – Luther’s first child is born. All told, the Luther’s have six children. Four survive.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Four

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1526 – Luther publishes the German Mass. It is not intended to replace Latin – Luther thought continuing the use of Latin was especially beneficial for students – but to become the norm. If the changes to the Formula Missae were minor, the German Mass was a monumental shift. The Host is consecrated and distributed while the German Sanctus is sung (longer than the Latin), and then the Chalice is consecrated and distriuted during the German Agnus Dei.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Three

Today's Luther Fact: 

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June, 1525 – Luther marries Katherina von Bora, a noblewoman and nun. Later in life, she managed the Luther household, brewed beer, raised children, and occasionally got the best of her husband in theological arguments.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day Two

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1525 – Luther publishes The Bondage of the Will, in response to Erasmus’ Dialogue on Free Will (1524). Neither of them much appreciate metaphor.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Six - Day One

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1525 – With no bishops willing to ordain a Lutheran, Luther himself ordains Georg Roerer. Luther did not, though, wish to be seen as a bishop – but he also hoped that some form of episcopacy would emerge to settle the matter of ordination. How that happened, Luther did not know. Moreover, the episcopacy was closely linked to both Rome and the Holy Roman Empire and carried with it too many religio-political conflicts. With a tinge of irony, Luther asked the princes to appoint candidates to the pastorate. Because apparently princes who act like bishops are better than bishops who act like princes.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Seven

Today's Luther Fact: 

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Reflecting on it later, Luther said, “Preachers are the greatest of slayers. For they urge the authorities to execute their office strictly and punish the wicked. In the revolt I slew all the peasants; all their blood is on my head. But I pass it on to our Lord, who commanded me to speak thus.”  1525 – Luther publishes Against the Murderous and Thieving Peasants

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Six

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1524-25 – Peasant’s War; Luther abandons the peasants. He says they are under the influence of Satan and gives the princes a blank check for killing rebels. He wrote, “It is just as when one must kill a mad dog; if you do not strike him, he will strike you, and a whole land with you.” Only after wide-spread destruction did Luther urge the princes to show some restraint; they didn’t listen.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Five

Today's Luther Fact: 

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October, 1524 – Luther changes from wearing monastic habit to academic robes and “normal” clothes in his daily life.  As the distinctions between clergy and laity eroded, there naturally arose the issue of how one becomes a pastor. Luther strove to balance between the clericalism of Rome and the threat of anarchy if any Tom, Dick, or Harry could just climb up into the pulpit and say whatever they wanted.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Four

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1523 – Luther also publishes Temporal Authority: To What Extent Should It Be Obeyed?, in which he begins to spell out the Two Kingdoms doctrine. Unfortunately, this becomes an excuse to keep clergy from weighing in on matters of civil society. As a result, we end up with Luther pastors blindly obeying the state and blessing the Kaiser’s tanks at the outset of WWI. In its most horrible form, this led to Lutheran pastors remaining silent during Hitler’s rise and reign of terror in WWII. (Nascent antisemitism in the Church didn’t help matters.) TheTwo Kingdoms doctrine ended up being more of a one-way street in which political leaders had authority over the Church in their regions and pastors were subservient to the state.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Three

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1523 – Luther publishes That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew, a minor text against Roman antisemitism. In it, he reminds his audience that Christians and Jews share a common heritage. He also expresses his hope that Jews would be attracted to the Reformation and convert to Christianity. That, obviously, did not happen. While Luther was hopeful that Jews would convert, he had also written against the Jewish people in his works on the Psalms.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.  

Week Five - Day Two

Today's Luther Fact: 

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1523 – Formula Missae is published, putting some of Luther’s liturgical changes into practice. In this liturgy, the Verba precede the Sanctus. The host and chalice are elevated at the Benedictus que venit. The Lord’s Prayer closes out the Eucharist, which is followed by the Pax.

 

Did You Know? A Survey of Luther's Life; seven weeks of daily Luther facts was researched, compiled, and commented on by Andrew Lewis, S.T.M. who served as Vicar at St. James from 2016-2017.